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Table 4 TNF-alpha and markers of oxidative stress.

From: Preventive effects of chronic exogenous growth hormone levels on diet-induced hepatic steatosis in rats

  CS GS CH GH
TNF-alpha
(pg/ml)
13.33 ± 2.08c 14.43 ± 2.45c 27.58 ± 3.88 17.63 ± 3.94*c
MDA
(μM)
3.15 ± 0.82c 3.68 ± 1.09c 7.98 ± 1.56 4.01 ± 1.05c
SOD
(U/ml)
2.63 ± 1.61a 3.88 ± 2.07b 0.85 ± 0.50* 3.48 ± 2.15b
NOS
(μM)
1.85 ± 0.63c 0.78 ± 0.59c 8.72 ± 1.63 2.33 ± 0.83c
CAT
(nmol/min/ml)
3082.77 ± 662.41c 4360.43 ± 843.47‡c 419.27 ± 191.40‡c 2409.18 ± 483.67*c
GSH
(nmol/min/ml)
443.47 ± 43.71c 494.08 ± 54.81*c 8.95 ± 2.99 435.29 ± 46.72c
  1. TNF-alpha: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha; MDA: malondialdehyde; SOD: superoxide dismutase; NOS: nitric oxide synthase; CAT: catalase; GSH: glutathione peroxidase. Error bars represent standard deviations. *p < 0.05, p < 0.01 and p < 0.001 vs. the CS group. ap < 0.05, bp < 0.01 and cp < 0.001 vs. the CH group. (CS group, n = 6; GS group, n = 6; CH group, n = 10; GH group, n = 10).