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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of participants in the case–control study

From: Associations of lipid levels susceptibility loci with coronary artery disease in Chinese population

Characteristics CAD patients (n = 1100) Controls (n = 1069) P
Age, years 59.9 ± 8.7 59.4 ± 9.3 0.176
Male, n (%) 666 (60.5) 659 (61.6) 0.599
Current smoking, n (%) 415 (37.7) 373 (34.9) 0.170
Alcohol intake, n (%) 409 (37.2) 387 (36.2) 0.636
BMI, kg/m2 24.0 ± 3.23 23.1 ± 3.35 <0.001
Overweight, n (%) 341 (31.0) 278 (26.0) 0.010
Obesity, n (%) 183 (16.6) 99 (9.3) <0.001
Hypertension, n (%) 647 (58.8) 0 (0) <0.001
DM, n (%) 357 (32.5) 0 (0) <0.001
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 234 (21.3) 0 (0) <0.001
Antihypertensive treatment, n (%) 601 (54.6) 0 (0) <0.001
Glucose-lowering treatment, n (%) 323 (29.4) 0 (0) <0.001
Lipid-lowering treatment, n (%) 226 (20.5) 0 (0) <0.001
SBP, mmHG 128.1 (126.9–129.3) 121.6 (120.9–122.2) <0.001
DBP, mmHG 83.5 (82.6–84.4) 80.7 (80.0–81.4) <0.001
FPG, mmol/L 6.04 (5.94–6.15) 4.97 (4.94–4.99) <0.001
TC, mmol/L 4.32 ± 1.03 4.03 ± 0.42 <0.001
TG, mmol/L 1.53 ± 1.01 1.05 ± 0.36 <0.001
LDL-c, mmol/L 2.78 ± 1.04 2.74 ± 0.26 0.256
HDL-c, mmol/L 1.22 ± 0.20 1.27 ± 0.22 <0.001
CRP, mmol/L 4.54 ± 7.45 1.15 ± 1.78 <0.001
Gensini scores 22.3 (21.2, 23.5)   
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD or geometric mean (95 % confidence interval)
  2. CAD coronary artery disease, BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, CRP C-reactive protein