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Table 3 Comparison of baseline characteristics, biochemical tests and lipid profiles between groups (n = 240)

From: Effect of phytosterols and inulin-enriched soymilk on LDL-cholesterol in Thai subjects: a double-blinded randomized controlled trial

Baseline characteristics Number (%) or mean ± SD or median (min,max) p-value
Study group (n = 120) Control group (n = 120)
Sexb    0.857
  Female 101 (84.2) 103 (85.8)  
  Male 19 (15.8) 17 (14.2)  
age (year), median (min,max)d 48 (24,71) 46 (18,68) 0.75
Careera    0.556
  Government employees 73 (60.8) 65 (54.2)  
  State enterprise employees 1 (0.8) 2 (1.7)  
  Company employees 5 (4.2) 2 (1.7)  
  Self-employed 4 (3.3) 2 (1.7)  
  Servants 12 (10.0) 18 (15.0)  
  Pensioners 4 (3.3) 5 (4.2)  
  Students 0 1 (0.8)  
  University employees 21 (17.5) 25 (20.8)  
Smokinga    0.635
  Never smoked 109 (92.4) 111 (92.5)  
  Ex-smoker 4 (3.4) 6 (5.0)  
  Currently smoked 5 (4.2) 3 (2.5)  
Alcohol drinkingb 42 (36.5) 33 (29.7) 0.323
Alcohol drinking in past 12 monthsa    0.310
  Every week 2 (6.5) 4 (16.0)  
  1-3 times/month 5 (16.1) 5 (20.0)  
  Less than once a month 24 (77.4) 16 (64.0)  
Familial history of CVDb 3 (2.5) 3 (2.5) 1.00
Hypertensionb 2 (1.7) 7 (5.8) 0.171
Dyslipidemiab 15 (12.5) 5 (4.2) 0.033*
Body mass index (BMI) (kg./m2)c 23.81 ± 3.26 24.58 ± 3.66 0.085
Waist circumference (WC) (cm) 81 (65,122) 84.25 (60,112) 1.430
Hip Circumference (cm)c 96.70 ± 6.87 97.51 ± 7.10 0.373
Waist hip ratio (WHR)d 0.85 (0.70,0.96) 0.87 (0.73,1.03) 0.322
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)d 115.50 (92,175) 118 (87,176) 0.409
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)d 72 (36,110) 72 (52,117) 0.955
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)d 90 (75,112) 90 (71,114) 0.146
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)c 244.07 (28.92) 239.26 (27.19) 0.238
Triglyceride (mg/dl)d 99.5 (45,295) 97.5 (39,399) 0.904
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)c 63.51 (14.96) 60.00 (13.57) 0.207
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)d 165 (132,254) 165 (130,243) 0.385
Creatinine (mg/dl)d 0.69 (0.42,1.22) 0.70 (0.51,1.23) 0.258
AST (U/L)d 19 (7,85) 20 (13,66) 0.271
ALT (U/L)d 16 (8,75) 18 (9,81) 0.106
  1. *p < .05, a = likelihood ratio test, b = Fisher’s exact test, c = independent t-test, d = Mann–Whitney U test