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Table 2 Differences in CVD risk levels among NC groups between baseline and follow-up

From: Neck circumference and future cardiovascular events in a high-risk population—A prospective cohort study

  NC < 36 cm 36 cm ≤ NC < 40 cm NC ≥ 40 cm p values
  Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up Time Group
n n = 2759 n = 2282 n = 6059 n = 5254 n = 3697 n = 2760 - -
Age (year) 46.33 ± 18.6 56.65 ± 19.12 48.64 ± 17.84 57.42 ± 18.81 47.96 ± 16.58 54.56 ± 16.28 - 0.632
BMI (kg/m2) 24.53 ± 5.47 28.4 ± 5.91 26.48 ± 4.75 30.4 ± 3.86 28.18 ± 6.92 30.34 ± 6.12 <0.001 0.05
NC (cm) 31.91 ± 4.2 32.5 ± 4.45 37.67 ± 1.58 37.23 ± 1.73 41.23 ± 1.21 41.55 ± 1.45 0.051 <0.001
WC (cm) 83.26 ± 10.33 84.34 ± 11.64 86.8 ± 9.72 87.54 ± 10.73 87.21 ± 10.96 89.54 ± 12.75 <0.001 0.001
HC (cm) 92.71 ± 10.43 92.53 ± 12.85 96.94 ± 9.22 97.22 ± 9.6 100.55 ± 10.53 103.65 ± 10.35 0.127 <0.001
WHR 0.88 ± 0.14 0.89 ± 0.16 0.92 ± 0.13 0.93 ± 0.15 0.97 ± 0.13 0.99 ± 0.16 <0.001 <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 6.28 ± 1.33 6.25 ± 1.34 6.46 ± 1.26 6.59 ± 1.22 6.68 ± 1.29 6.77 ± 1.28 0.032 0.004
HbA1c (%) 5.78 ± 0.84 5.98 ± 1.05 5.98 ± 0.67 6.12 ± 0.73 6.25 ± 1.02 6.42 ± 1.35 0.048 0.137
TG (mmol/L) 1.72 ± 0.94 1.78 ± 1.08 1.9 ± 0.91 1.95 ± 0.96 2 ± 0.94 2.15 ± 1.11 0.027 <0.001
TC (mg/dL) 5.17 ± 1.17 5.32 ± 1.01 5.43 ± 1.15 5.67 ± 1.74 5.54 ± 1.67 5.73 ± 1.83 0.019 0.082
HDL-C (mg/dL) 1.67 ± 0.37 1.65 ± 0.27 1.43 ± 0.34 1.25 ± 0.36 1.27 ± 0.29 1.13 ± 0.36 0.006 <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 3.17 ± 0.88 3.26 ± 0.93 3.57 ± 0.95 3.62 ± 1.02 3.61 ± 0.86 3.96 ± 1.01 0.034 0.116
SBP (mm Hg) 133.62 ± 16.78 136.9 ± 15.48 134.63 ± 14.95 137.21 ± 15.17 135.42 ± 14.96 140.07 ± 16.39 0.048 0.137
DBP (mm Hg) 76.27 ± 8.46 76.2 ± 7.7 77.55 ± 8.15 77.34 ± 7.98 80.92 ± 8.95 81.11 ± 9.35 0.166 0.039
  1. Data represent mean ± SD. P interaction is age adjusted. Abbreviations as in Table 1