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Table 2 Serum fatty acid profile between hypertensive and normotensive participants

From: Exploratory serum fatty acid patterns associated with blood pressure in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly Chinese

FA (%) Hypertensive (n = 748) Normotensive (n = 1699) P valuea
Mean/Median SD/QR Mean/Median SD/QR
14:0 1.61 1.40–1.80 1.56 1.29–1.74 0.033
16:0 20.62 2.60 21.05 2.57 <0.001
18:0 6.40 0.85 6.34 0.78 0.036
20:0 0.48 0.30–0.73 0.51 0.20–0.85 0.148
22:0 0.55 0.33–1.43 0.44 0.27–1.27 0.012
24:0 0.39 0.31–0.42 0.40 0.27–0.45 0.127
16:1n-7 1.69 0.82 1.52 0.78 <0.001
18:1n-9 19.98 3.75 18.95 3.75 <0.001
24:1n-9 1.20 0.92–1.34 1.18 0.82–1.22 0.121
18:3n-3 0.94 0.37 0.93 0.41 0.058
20:5n-3 3.31 1.55 3.35 1.60 0.436
22:5n-3 0.47 0.38–0.58 0.46 0.38–0.56 0.528
22:6n-3 1.65 0.51 1.74 0.69 0.005
18:2n-6 27.40 5.21 28.52 5.28 <0.001
18:3n-6 0.36 0.25–0.51 0.32 0.20–0.46 <0.001
20:3n-6 1.16 0.32 1.13 0.31 0.018
20:4n-6 6.04 1.56 6.01 1.62 0.120
20:4n-6/20:3n-6 5.20 0.87 5.66 0.96 <0.001
18:2n-6/18:3n-6 (×10−2) 1.34 0.84–2.05 1.13 0.73–1.77 <0.001
SFA 30.69 3.25 28.87 2.62 <0.001
MUFA 21.38 4.26 21.25 4.44 0.504
PUFA 42.25 4.43 43.66 5.41 <0.001
n-3 PUFA 6.17 5.60–7.04 6.28 5.48–7.30 0.024
n-6 PUFA 36.04 5.00 37.37 4.60 0.010
n-3/n-6 0.15 0.13–0.19 0.16 0.13–0.23 0.031
SFA/PUFA 0.81 0.63–0.92 0.68 0.60–0.82 <0.001
  1. QR quartile range, SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid
  2. a P value for difference between groups was tested by an unpaired t-test