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Table 4 Measures of participants before and after the low-fat and habitual diet phases

From: The role of background diet on the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in healthy pre-menopausal women: a randomized, cross-over, controlled study

  Low-fat diet phase Habitual diet phase
(Mean ± SE; n = 41) (Mean ± SE; n = 41)
Before After p1 Before After p2
Body Weight (kg) 63.5 ± 1.4 61.7 ± 1.3 <0.001 62.2 ± 1.3 63.3 ± 1.3 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.4 ± 0.5 22.7 ± 0.4 <0.001 22.9 ± 0.4 23.4 ± 0.4 <0.001
Waist (cm) 76.2 ± 1.1 74.6 ± 1.0 <0.001 75.8 ± 1.0 76.3 ± 1.0 0.93
Hip (cm) 101.0 ± 1.0 99.4 ± 0.9 <0.001 100.2 ± 1.1 101.3 ± 0.9 0.44
Waist:Hip 0.76 ± 0.05 0.75 ± 0.04 <0.05 0.75 ± 0.004 0.75 ± 0.04 1.0
Body fat (%) 30.2 ± 0.8 28.6 ± 0.8 <0.001 29.8 ± 0.9 30.3 ± 0.8 0.68
Lean mass (%) 18.9 ± 0.5 19.0 ± 0.5 NS 19.3 ± 0.5 19.3 ± 0.4 1.0
  1. p1, significance using a paired t-test before vs. after low-fat diet. p2, significance of the paired t-test before vs. after habitual diet