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Table 5 Average daily intake of nutrients in the low-fat diet and habitual diet phases (n = 38a)

From: The role of background diet on the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in healthy pre-menopausal women: a randomized, cross-over, controlled study

  Habitual diet Low-fat diet p-value
(Mean ± SE; n = 38a) (Mean ± SE; n = 38)
Energy (kcal) (diet alone)b 1884 ± 42 1761 ± 41 0.17
Energy (kcal) (diet + supplement)c 1902 ± 45 1790 ± 26 0.22
Carbohydrate (g) 240 ± 7 269 ± 11 <0.05
Protein (g) 77 ± 3 79 ± 2 0.58
Fat (g) (diet alone) 66 ± 2 39 ± 2 <0.01
Fat (diet + supplement) 68 ± 2 42 ± 2 <0.01
Fat total (% energy) 35.7 ± 0.8 22.4 ± 0.5 <0.01
Vitamin A (IU) 4796 ± 583 4137 ± 585 0.43
Vitamin E (mg) 10.0 ± 0.9 7.4 ± 0.5 <0.05
Vitamin D (IU) 204 ± 21 201 ± 19 0.92
Calcium (mg) 937 ± 61 850 ± 45 0.41
n-3 FAs (g) (diet alone) 1.06 ± 0.08 0.64 ± 0.05 <0.01
n-3 FAs (g) (diet + supplement) 2.26 ± 0.08 1.86 ± 0.07 <0.01
n-6 FAs (g) 7.0 ± 0.5 4.7 ± 0.4 <0.01
n-3:n-6 (diet alone) 0.15 ± 0.02 0.14 ± 0.02 0.37
n-3:n-6 (diet + supplement) 0.32 ± 0.02 0.40 ± 0.03 0.11
  1. p-value, paired t-test between habitual diet and low-fat diet; athree participants had incomplete food records; bDiet alone, cFood record analyzed from dietary source without supplement. Diet + supplement, Food record analyzed from diet and DHA-EPA supplement