Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Risk factors associated with dyslipidemia in HIV-infected and uninfected Kenyan adults

From: Low HDL-cholesterol among HIV-1 infected and HIV-1 uninfected individuals in Nairobi, Kenya

Characteristic Normal Dyslipidemia Adjusted 95% CI2 p-value
n = 37 n = 159 PR1
Age (years)
  <25 7 14 1   0.1
 25–34 19 86 1.23 0.84–1.62  
 35–44 9 44 1.25 0.84–1.65  
  ≥45 2 15 1.32 0.86–1.79  
Gender
 male 16 81 1.06 0.92–1.20 0.4
 female 21 78 1 Ref  
BMI (mg/kg2)a
  <18.5 (underweight) 1 1 0.78 −0.05 - 1.61  
 18.5 - <25 (normal) 19 69 1 Ref 0.57
 25 - <30 (overweight) 9 52 1.11 0.93–1.28  
  ≥30 (obese) 7 33 1.05 0.85–1.26  
Blood Pressure
 Normotensive 25 104 1 Ref 0.95
 Elevated BP (≥130/≥85) 4 13 0.93 0.66–1.19  
 systolic HTN3 (>130) 6 34 1 0.83–1.19  
 diastolic HTN3 (>85) 2 8 1 0.72–1.30  
Smoking
 Never 27 117 1 Ref  
 Ever 10 42 0.95 0.77–1.12 0.56
SES4(Ksh 12,000)b
 Above median 19 78 1   
 Below median 17 76 1.02 0.88–1.16 0.74
HIV Status      
 HIV- 21 76 1   
 HIV+ 16 83 1.08 0.94–1.23 0.24
Viral Load (copies/ml)
  <1000 4 5 1 Ref  
  >1000 12 78 1.56 1.14–2.14 0.02
CD4 Cell count (cells/μl)c
  >350 13 40 1 Ref  
  <350 1 33 1.31 1.08–1.42 0.01
  1. aN = 191
  2. bN = 190
  3. cN = 87
  4. 1Prevalence Ratio
  5. 295% Confidence Interval
  6. 3Hypertension
  7. 4Socioeconomic status