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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses for all-cause death

From: Decreased circulating dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid levels are associated with total mortality in patients with acute cardiovascular disease and acute decompensated heart failure

  Univariate Multivariate (AA) Multivariate (DGLA) Multivariate (DGLA/AA)
HR 95% CI p HR 95% CI p HR 95% CI p HR 95% CI p
Age, 1 year increase 1.04 1.01–1.07 <0.01 1.02 0.98–1.06 NS 1.01 0.97–1.05 NS 1.00 0.97–1.04 NS
Male 1.45 0.73–3.02 NS 1.25 0.61–2.71 NS 1.41 0.67–3.12 NS 1.43 0.68–3.14 NS
Body mass index, 1 kg/m2 increase 0.90 0.83–0.97 <0.01 0.95 0.87–1.04 NS 0.97 0.88–1.06 NS 0.95 0.87–1.04 NS
Diabetes mellitus 1.24 0.63–2.44 NS 1.29 0.56–3.05 NS 0.96 0.40–2.35 NS 1.11 0.45–2.70 NS
Dyslipidemia 0.38 0.19–0.75 <0.01 0.37 0.15–0.89 0.03 0.47 0.20–1.10 NS 0.37 0.16–0.85 0.02
Hypertension 0.88 0.44–1.83 NS 0.31 0.13–0.73 0.01 0.32 0.13–0.76 0.01 0.34 0.14–0.80 0.01
eGFR, 1 mL/min/1.73m2 increase 0.96 0.94–0.98 <0.01 0.94 0.91–0.97 <0.01 0.94 0.91–0.97 <0.01 0.94 0.91–0.96 <0.01
Atrial fibrillation 1.05 0.53–2.07 NS 1.22 0.51–2.80 NS 1.07 0.45–2.43 NS 1.25 0.54–2.80 NS
Ejection fraction, 1% increase 1.00 0.97–1.02 NS 0.98 0.96–1.01 NS 0.99 0.97–1.01 NS 0.99 0.97–1.01 NS
AA, 1 μg/mL increase 0.99 0.98–1.00 0.01 1.00 0.99–1.01 NS   -    -  
DGLA, 1 μg/mL increase 0.92 0.88–0.96 <0.01   -   0.94 0.89–0.99 0.03   -  
DGLA/AA, 0.01 increase 0.92 0.85–0.98 0.01   -    -   0.87 0.78–0.98 0.02
  1. eGFR Estimated glomerular filtration rate, AA Arachidonic acid, DGLA Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid