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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate Cox Proportional Hazard models of development of HTN during 9-year follow-up

From: Triglyceride and glucose (TyG) index as a predictor of incident hypertension: a 9-year longitudinal population-based study

Variables Univariate models Multivariate models
  HR (95%CI) P value HR (95%CI) p value
Gender (male) 1.62 (1.46–1.78) < 0.001 1.33 (1.14–1.56) < 0.001
Age (years) 1.03 (1.03–1.04) < 0.001 1.03 (1.02–1.03) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 1.16 (1.15–1.18) < 0.001 1.09 (1.06–1.12) < 0.001
WC (cm) 1.06 (1.05–1.06) < 0.001 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.017
BUN (mmol/L) 1.11 (1.07–1.15) < 0.001 1.00 (0.96–1.04) 0.967
Cr (μmol/L) 1.00 (1.00–1.01) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.01) 0.018
FPG (mmol/L) 1.26 (1.21–1.30) < 0.001 1.10 (1.03–1.18) 0.006
UA (μmol/L) 1.01 (1.00–1.00) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.006
AST (U/L) 1.01 (1.00–1.01) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.01) 0.648
ALT (U/L) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.433
γ-GGT (U/L) 1.00 (1.00–1.01) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.001
TC (mmol/L) 1.28 (1.22–1.34) < 0.001 1.16 (0.95–1.43) 0.144
TG (mmol/L) 1.29 (1.25–1.33) < 0.001 1.08 (0.94–1.24) 0.264
HDL-C (mmol/L) 0.86 (0.77–0.97) 0.010 0.96 (0.74–1.25) 0.756
LDL-C (mmol/L) 1.31 (1.24–1.38) < 0.001 0.84 (0.70–1.02) 0.073
Apo-A1 (g/L) 1.02 (0.86–1.21) 0.812 1.07 (0.86–1.33) 0.562
Apo-B (g/L) 3.47 (2.95–4.09) < 0.001 1.15 (0.78–1.70) 0.490
eGFR (mL/(min·1.73 m2)) 1.00 (0.99–1.00) < 0.001 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.238
TyG   < 0.001   0.013
 Quartile 1 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Quartile 2 1.38 (1.20–1.59)   1.21 (1.00–1.47)  
 Quartile 3 2.00 (1.74–2.29)   1.49 (1.16–1.93)  
 Quartile 4 2.63 (2.31–3.00)   1.53 (1.07–2.19)