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Table 2 Adjusted mean of trans fatty acids and plasma antioxidant levels in patients with and without peripheral artery disease (PAD)

From: Dietary patterns, plasma vitamins and Trans fatty acids are associated with peripheral artery disease

  Participants P-value
With PAD Without PAD
Trans 9-hexadecenoic acid(uM) 6.5 ± 0.12 6.1 ± 0.19 0.842
Trans 11-octadecenoic acid (uM) 38.1 ± 0.36 34.1 ± 0.92 0.265
Trans 9-octadecenoic acid (uM) 35.2 ± 0.35 30.6 ± 0.62 < 0.001
Trans 9, trans 12-octadienoic acid (uM) 2.8 ± 0.12 2.4 ± 0.31 < 0.001
Vitamin D (nmol/L) 54.3 ± 0.28 57.1 ± 0.72 < 0.001
Retinol(μg/dL) 60.2 ± 0.62 68.4 ± 0.64 < 0.001
Retinyl stearate(μg/dL) 0.43 ± 0.01 0.87 ± 0.01 < 0.001
Retinyl palmitate(μg/dL) 2.1 ± 0.28 3.0 ± 0.10 < 0.001
  1. Analysis of covariance applied to calculate age, race, diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol, smoking and energy intake adjusted mean of dietary score. Value expressed as mean ± SEM