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Table 2 Nutrient intake and HEI scores in 219 7- to 12-year-old children and 133 65- to 79-year-old adults

From: Omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid intake of children and older adults in the U.S.: dietary intake in comparison to current dietary recommendations and the Healthy Eating Index

7- to 12-year-olds Mean Intake (SD) Recommended Intake % Adequate
Energy (kcal) 1845.6 (439.6) Inactive: 1400
Moderately active: 2000
Highly active: 2400
 
LNA (g) 1.4 (0.6) 4–8 yo: 0.9
F 9–13 yo: 1
M 9–13 yo: 1.2
71.8%
LA (g) 12.6 (5.0) 4–8 yo: 10
F 9–13 yo: 12
M 9–13 yo: 10
61.4%
DHA + EPAa 0.1 (0.3) FAO [35]: 0.2 6.8%
IOM [28]: 10% of LNA recommendation 14.1%
N-6/n-3 ratio 9.2 (2.8)   
PUFA (% of calories) 6.8 (1.9) All 6–11% 60%b
MUFA (% of calories) 11.2 (2.5)   
SFA (% of calories) 11.1 (2.1) All < 10% 31.4%
Total Fiber (g) 14.3 (5.4) 4–8 yo: 25
F 9–13 yo: 26
M 9–13 yo: 31
3.6%
Vitamin A (mcg) 824.9 (510.1) 4–8 yo: 400
9–13 yo: 600
72.3%
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.0 (1.8) 4–8 yo: 0.6
9–13 yo: 1
94.1%
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 6.0 (7.8) 4–8 yo: 1.2
9–13 yo: 1.8
95.5%
Vitamin C (mg) 94.0 (114.0) 4–8 yo: 25
9–13 yo: 45
81.8%
Vitamin D (mcg) 7.0 (5.4) All: 5 72.3%
Vitamin E (mg) 7.2 (3.5) 4–8 yo: 7
9–13 yo: 11
26.8%
Vitamin K (mcg) 78.5 (112.4) 4–8 yo: 55
9–13 yo: 60
46.4%
Calcium (mg) 965.1 (386.3) 4–8 yo: 800
9–13 yo: 1300
38.6%
Iron (mg) 15.4 (7.6) 4–8 yo: 10
9–13 yo: 8
85.9%
Sodium (mg) 2861.0 (830.7) 4–8 yo: 1200
9–13 yo: 1500
98.2%
Potassium (mg) 1990.0 (684.0) 4–8 yo: 3800
9–13 yo: 4500
1.4%
Zinc (mg) 10.6 (4.8) 4–8 yo: 5
9–13 yo: 8
82.7%
Pantothenic Acid (mg) 5.3 (3.8) 4–8 yo: 3
9–13 yo: 4
66.4%
Choline (mg) 247.8 (100.6) 4–8 yo: 250
9–13 yo: 375
25.5%
Folate (mcg) 382.6 (179.9) 4–8 yo: 200
9–13 yo: 300
80.9%
Water (g) 1585.8 (638.5) 4–8 yo: 1700
F 9–13 yo: 2100
M 9–13 yo: 2400
19.6%
HEI 53.3 (12.6)   
65- to 79-year-olds Mean Intake (SD) Recommended Intake % Adequate
Energy (kcal) 1780.3 (479.0) Inactive: 2000
Moderately Active: 2400
Highly Active: 2600
 
LNA (g) 1.6 (0.8) Males: 1.6
Females: 1.1
58.4%
LA (g) 14.7 (6.4) Males: 14
Females: 11
57.7%
DHA + EPA (g)a 0.3 (0.4) EFSA [58]: 0.25
ISSFAL [59]: 0.5
IOM [28]: 10% of LNA recommendation
43.1%
24.1%
59.1%
N-6/n-3 ratio 7.8 (2.6)   
PUFA (% of calories) 8.2 (2.7) All: 6–11% 65.7%b
MUFA (% of calories) 12.1 (2.5)   
SFA (% of calories) 11.1 (2.9) All: < 10% 35.0%
Total Fiber (g) 21.1 (9.3) Males: 30
Females: 21
24.1%
Vitamin A (mcg) 1182.2 (788.6) Males: 900
Females: 700
59.1%
Vitamin B6 (mg) 8.0 (18.7) Males: 1.7
Females: 1.5
70.1%
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 16.1 (16.8) All: 2.4 86.9%
Vitamin C (mg) 216.4 (280.0) Males: 90
Females: 75
60.6%
Vitamin D (mcg) 32.4 (56.3) 51–70 yo: 15
Over 70: 20
40.9%
Vitamin E (mg) 8.8 (5.1) All: 15 8.0%
Vitamin K (mcg) 167.9 (138.0) Males: 120
Females: 90
55.5%
Calcium (mg) 1220.0 (603.3) M 51–70 yo: 1000
Others: 1200
40.9%
Iron (mg) 17.9 (12.0) All: 8 88.3%
Sodium (mg) 2933.0 (969.5) 51–70 yo: 1300
Over 70: 1200
91.2%
Potassium (mg) 2639.0 (744.1) All: 4700 0.7%
Zinc (mg) 20.7 (17.9) Males: 11
Females: 8
65.7%
Pantothenic acid (mg) 11.4 (12.8) All: 5 62.8%
Choline (mg) 330.3 (120.4) Males: 1.6
Females: 1.1
10.2%
Folate (mcg) 420.5 (203.8) All: 400 41.6%
Water (g) 2105.5 (684.9) Males: 3700
Females: 2700
10.2%
HEI 59.3 (15.6)   
  1. Note HEI Health Eating Index, which can range from 0 to 100, LNA alpha-linolenic acid, LA linoleic acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, SFA saturated fatty acids, SD standard deviation, g grams, kcal kilocalories, FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, IOM Institute of Medicine, EFSA European Food Safety Authority, ISSFAL International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids
  2. aThere isn’t a clear consensus as to optimal intake of fatty acids other than LNA and LA. Recommendations for other fatty acids are typically based on total DHA and EPA
  3. bOnly 1.8% of children consumed more than 11% of their fat calories as PUFA, and 11.0% of older adults consumed more than 11.0% of their fat calories as PUFA