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Table 2 Anthropometric parameters, blood glucose and serum lipid profiles of participants by quartiles (Q) of total phytosterols intake

From: Associations of dietary phytosterols with blood lipid profiles and prevalence of obesity in Chinese adults, a cross-sectional study

  Quartiles based on total phytosterols intake  
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P
Overall, n 228 228 228 228  
 BMI, kg/m2 23.85 ± 3.17 23.53 ± 3.44 23.05 ± 3.71* 22.67 ± 2.76** 0.001
 WC, cm 80.31 ± 10.21 78.76 ± 8.74 78.45 ± 9.67* 78.12 ± 7.91* 0.044
 SBP, mm Hg 119.51 ± 11.16 117.13 ± 12.42 116.45 ± 11.33 115.04 ± 10.14* 0.034
 DBP, mm Hg 78.74 ± 8.92 77.32 ± 8.41 76.72 ± 8.93 76.27 ± 7.22* 0.046
 FBG, mmol/l 4.71 ± 0.81 4.68 ± 0.73 4.59 ± 0.82 4.62 ± 0.78 0.282
 2 h-PG, mmol/l 6.42 ± 0.97 6.35 ± 0.81 6.33 ± 0.87 6.27 ± 0.96 0.361
 TG, mmol/l 1.68 ± 1.24 1.73 ± 1.31 1.71 ± 1.28 1.75 ± 1.38 0.916
 TC, mmol/l 5.25 ± 0.87 5.17 ± 0.78 5.09 ± 0.86 5.01 ± 0.90** 0.004
 HDLc, mmol/l 1.26 ± 0.33 1.25 ± 0.34 1.29 ± 0.29 1.25 ± 0.36 0.289
 LDLc, mmol/l 2.55 ± 0.83 2.42 ± 0.86 2.39 ± 0.79 2.31 ± 0.90* 0.042
Men, n 102 102 102 103  
 BMI, kg/m2 23.91 ± 3.09 23.77 ± 3.25 23.41 ± 3.36 22.75 ± 2.68* 0.016
 WC, cm 83.45 ± 9.26 81.19 ± 9.62 79.63 ± 9.18* 78.58 ± 7.26* 0.024
 SBP, mm Hg 120.12 ± 12.01 118.03 ± 11.45 117.17 ± 11.45 115.03 ± 9.98* 0.047
 DBP, mm Hg 79.11 ± 7.92 78.23 ± 8.63 77.87 ± 8.95 77.03 ± 7.15* 0.045
 FBG, mmol/l 4.75 ± 0.86 4.81 ± 0.78 4.79 ± 0.81 4.72 ± 0.91 0.442
 2 h-PG, mmol/l 6.51 ± 0.92 6.66 ± 0.98 6.35 ± 0.78 6.24 ± 0.86 0.296
 TG, mmol/l 1.79 ± 1.14 1.73 ± 1.21 1.78 ± 1.24 1.76 ± 1.41 0.855
 TC, mmol/l 5.17 ± 0.91 5.06 ± 0.89 5.01 ± 0.81 4.95 ± 0.88* 0.028
 HDLc, mmol/l 1.27 ± 0.35 1.26 ± 0.38 1.24 ± 0.32 1.23 ± 0.37 0.354
 LDLc, mmol/l 2.44 ± 0.86 2.31 ± 0.91 2.25 ± 0.77 2.19 ± 0.86* 0.034
Women, n 125 126 126 126  
 BMI, kg/m2 23.72 ± 3.24 23.41 ± 3.31 22.78 ± 3.74* 22.45 ± 2.66* 0.021
 WC, cm 76.02 ± 8.17 74.28 ± 8.21 73.20 ± 9.12* 72.89 ± 7.31* 0.047
 SBP, mm Hg 118.23 ± 10.93 116.34 ± 12.78 114.96 ± 11.61 113.82 ± 10.21* 0.038
 DBP, mm Hg 77.71 ± 8.86 76.25 ± 8.52 75.12 ± 8.61 74.78 ± 7.31* 0.032
 FBG, mmol/l 4.68 ± 0.82 4.59 ± 0.71 4.41 ± 0.78 4.44 ± 0.98 0.341
 2 h-PG, mmol/l 6.31 ± 0.91 6.26 ± 0.95 6.31 ± 0.82 6.33 ± 0.91 0.458
 TG, mmol/l 1.58 ± 1.31 1.72 ± 1.34 1.66 ± 1.22 1.74 ± 1.33 0.545
 TC, mmol/l 5.34 ± 0.76 5.29 ± 0.76 5.18 ± 0.92 5.06 ± 0.93* 0.013
 HDLc, mmol/l 1.24 ± 0.32 1.24 ± 0.31 1.33 ± 0.29 1.27 ± 0.36 0.128
 LDLc, mmol/l 2.67 ± 0.81 2.52 ± 0.83 2.46 ± 0.81 2.41 ± 0.85* 0.044
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, 2 h-PG 2 h-postprandial glucose, TG triglyceridel, TC total cholesterol, HDLc high destiny lipoprotein cholesterol, LDLc low destiny lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01 compared with the 1st quartile