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Table 4 Association in women between handgrip strength and hypertension stratified by two BMI categories

From: Handgrip strength is positively related to blood pressure and hypertension risk: results from the National Health and nutrition examination survey

  Underweight & Normal (N = 636) Overweight & Obese (N = 1323)
β S.E. OR (95%CI) P β S.E. OR (95%CI) P
Model
Model 1: unadjusted −0.163 0.154 0.849 (0.628, 1.150) 0.291 −0.043 0.104 0.958 (0.782, 1.174) 0.679
Model 2: adjusted for age and BMI −0.133 0.211 0.876 (0.579, 1.326) 0.531 0.022 0.152 1.022 (0.759, 1.377) 0.885
Model 3: as Model 2 and smoking and drinking −0.123 0.215 0.884 (0.580, 1.348) 0.568 0.008 0.158 1.008 (0.740, 1.373) 0.961
  1. BMI body mass index. All participants were categorized into two strata according to BMI value: Underweight & Normal (BMI < 25) and Overweight & Obese (BMI ≥25). Handgrip was transformed into age and sex specific SD scores (z-score)