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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Lipid profiles in adolescents with and without asthma: Korea National Health and nutrition examination survey data

  Non-asthma group Asthma group P value
(n = 2718)a (n = 123)a
Age (years) 15.0 ± 0.0 15.1 ± 0.2 0.8436
Male (%)b 53.3 (1.1) 67.3 (4.5) 0.0049
BMI (kg/m2) 21.0 ± 0.1 21.7 ± 0.5 0.1448
Waist circumference (cm) 70.8 ± 0.2 73.3 ± 1.3 0.0501
Systolic BP (mmHg) 107.2 ± 0.3 108.9 ± 1.2 0.1648
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 67.9 ± 0.2 69.7 ± 1.0 0.0823
Smoker, ever (%) 18.6 (0.9) 15.0 (4.4) 0.4536
Drinking, mild to moderate (%) 28.1 (1.1) 20.3 (4.3) 0.1077
Regular exercise (%) 29.8 (1.0) 32.8 (5.4) 0.5728
Income, lowest quartile (%) 15.0 (1.1) 9.7 (3.4) 0.1781
Rural area (%)b 17.4 (2.0) 9.2 (3.0) 0.0313
Sleep duration (hours) 7.2 ± 0.0 7.1 ± 0.2 0.6538
Energy intake (kcal)b 2104.6 ± 22.4 2306.0 ± 83.5 0.0195
Fat intake (%)b 22.5 ± 0.2 20.7 ± 0.7 0.0128
TC (mg/dL) 155.5 ± 0.7 160.5 ± 3.6 0.1679
TG (mg/dL)c 74.1 (72.3–76.1) 83.5 (73.7–94.5) 0.0656
HDL-C (mg/dL) 53.1 ± 0.3 51.1 ± 1.0 0.0529
LDL-C (mg/dL) 85.6 ± 0.6 89.9 ± 2.9 0.1352
NHDL-C (mg/dL)b 102.4 ± 0.7 109.4 ± 3.5 0.0499
TC/HDL-Cb 3.0 ± 0.0 3.2 ± 0.1 0.0142
LDL-C/HDL-Cb 1.7 ± 0.0 1.8 ± 0.1 0.0277
White blood cells (1000/uL)c 6 (6–6.1) 6.2 (5.8–6.6) 0.5115
Ferritin (ng/mL)c 32.4 (31.1–33.7) 36.3 (31.6–41.7) 0.1183
  1. BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure; TC total cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NHDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. aData are presented as means ± standard error (SE) or percentages and SE
  3. bP < 0.05
  4. cGeometric mean (95% confidence interval)