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Table 1 Main characteristics of the studies included in this meta-analysis

From: Circulating chemerin levels and gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis

References Study location Study design Case group Control group Chemerin measurement trimester Average age of GDM patients (years) Average BMI of GDM patients (kg/m2) GDM criteria Quality Score
Sample size Chemerin (ng/mL) Sample size Chemerin (ng/mL)
Pfau, 2010 [18] Germany cross-sectional 40 230.3 ± 42.4 80 217.6 ± 72.3 Second 33.0 24.9 WC 3
Barker, 2012 [19] Australia cross-sectional 69 117.6 ± 29.1 62 124.2 ± 31.5 Third 35.2 28.2 ADIPS 6
Shao, 2015 [20] China cross-sectional 20 83.75 ± 15.88 20 77.80 ± 24.49 Third 30.0 28.73 IADPSG 7
Ademoglu, 2015 [21] Turkey cross-sectional 47 1.65 ± 0.17 32 1.57 ± 0.16 Second 30.2 31.3 ADA 4
Li, 2015 [22] China cross-sectional 48 194.0 ± 103.4 42 135.8 ± 89.3 Second na 27.7 IADPSG 4
Görkem, 2016 [23] Turkey cross-sectional 76 3.64 ± 1.27 82 3.47 ± 0.61 Second 29.0 33.3 C&C 5
Pan, 2016 [24] China cross-sectional 85 9.12 ± 0.75 85 6.47 ± 0.59 Third 28.1 23.6 ADA 5
Fatim, 2017 [25] Pakistan cross-sectional 208 93.39 ± 45.43 300 14.35 ± 5.88 Second 27.3 24.8 IADPSG 4
Zhang, 2017 [26] China cross-sectional 60 11.2 ± 1.17 60 5.76 ± 0.03 Second 29.1 38.7 ESCPG & ACOG 3
Yang a, 2017 [27] China cross-sectional 19 146.6 ± 38.9 20 187.2 ± 46.8 First 26.8 22.7 IADPSG 6
Yang b, 2017 [27] China cross-sectional 19 308.6 ± 56.4 20 227.5 ± 46.5 Third 26.8 25.7 IADPSG
Gashlan a, 2017 [28] KSA cross-sectional 25 7.21 ± 5.95 19 7.68 ± 5.93 Second 32.4 33.4 WHO 7
Gashlan b, 2017 [28] KSA cross-sectional 26 6.57 ± 4.84 18 5.56 ± 3.90 Third 33.4 34.1 WHO
  1. GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, BMI body mass index, KSA the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, WC Fourth International Work-shopVconference on gestational diabetes, ADIPS The Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society, IADPSG The International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups, ADA, American Diabetes Association, C&C Carpenter and Couston, ESCPG Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline, ACOG American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, WHO World Health Organization, na not available