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Table 3 Correlation between leptin levels and clinical and metabolic profile of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) and healthy controls

From: A study of ghrelin and leptin levels and their relationship to metabolic profiles in obese and lean Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Correlation of leptin levels and PCOS (n = 130) Control (n = 122)
r p r p
Age 0.092 0.2979 0.045 0.6226
Body mass index (BMI) 0.289 0.0009** 0.187 0.0392*
Weight/height ratio 0.213 0.0150* 0.096 0.2929
Cholesterol 0.204 0.0199* 0.043 0.6382
Triglyceride 0.175 0.0464* 0.024 0.7930
HDL-C −0.202 0.0212* 0.037 0.6858
LDL-C 0.235 0.0071* 0.049 0.5920
Glucose 0.135 0.1257 0.121 0.1843
Insulin 0.382 0.0001** 0.254 0.0048*
Ghrelin − 0.251 0.0040* − 0.248 0.0059*
HOMA-IR (insulin resistance) 0.316 0.0001** 0.611 < 0.0001**
HOMA-S 0.175 0.046* 0.326 < 0.0001**
  1. HOMA Homeostatic model assessment
  2. *Significant (p < 0.05)
  3. **Highly significant (p < 0.001)