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Table 2 Biochemical indicators of three groups after 12 weeks

From: Concurrent exercise improves insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease by upregulating PPAR-γ and genes involved in the beta-oxidation of fatty acids in ApoE-KO mice fed a high-fat diet

Groups TC TG HDL LDL FFA FIN FPG IRI
(mmol/l) (mmol/l) (mmol/l) (mmol/l) (mmol/l) (mIU/ml) (mmol/l)  
ND (n = 10) 4.78 ± 0.18 0.57 ± 0.11 2.13 ± 0.21 0.94 ± 0.23 1.00 ± 0.28 4.43 ± 1.30 5.58 ± 0.84 1.11 ± 0.17
HFD (n = 10) 20.82 ± 0.75* 1.12 ± 0.49* 1.52 ± 0.12 8.31 ± 0.44** 1.47 ± 0.27* 10.99 ± 0.82** 9.03 ± 1.17** 4.43 ± 0.43**
HFDE (n = 10) 12.95 ± 0.53# 0.67 ± 0.19# 2.11 ± 0.38 4.74 ± 0.35## 1.03 ± 0.20# 7.28 ± 0.75# 6.37 ± 0.71# 2.08 ± 0.47##
  1. TC total serum cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FFA free fatty acid, FIN fasting serum insulin level, FPG fasting plasma glucose, IRI insulin resistance index. All the values are presented as Means ± SD. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, compared with ND group; # p < 0.05, ## p < 0.01, compared with HFD group