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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Correlation of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among the non-obese Chinese population with normal blood lipid levels: a retrospective cohort research

Characteristics Quartiles of TG/HDL-C Ratio P value
Q1 (≤0.46) Q2 (0.47–0.63) Q3 (0.64–0.86) Q4 (≥0.87)
Age (years) 41.7 ± 14.3 42.5 ± 14.8 42.7 ± 14.8 43.0 ± 14.9 0.010
Gender, male/female (n) 1188/1340 1247/1172 1278/1184 1344/1085 < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 20.3 ± 1.9 20.8 ± 2.0 21.3 ± 2.0 21.8 ± 2.0 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 114.0 ± 14.8 116.6 ± 15.9 119.8 ± 16.5 122.0 ± 16.0 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 69.0 ± 9.3 70.5 ± 9.9 72.1 ± 10.0 73.6 ± 10.1 < 0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L) 4.94 ± 0.59 5.05 ± 0.63 5.11 ± 0.64 5.20 ± 0.89 < 0.001
Albumin (U/L) 44.1 ± 2.7 44.2 ± 2.8 44.3 ± 2.7 44.5 ± 2.8 < 0.001
Alanine aminotransferase (U/L) 16.6 ± 14.2 17.8 ± 21.0 18.9 ± 12.8 20.6 ± 14.5 < 0.001
Aspartate aminotransferase (U/L) 21.5 ± 8.6 22.1 ± 10.4 22.4 ± 8.1 22.8 ± 8.8 < 0.001
Alkaline phosphatase (U/L) 63.7 ± 21.0 68.0 ± 20.3 71.8 ± 23.6 75.1 ± 22.9 < 0.001
Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (U/L) 20.6 ± 20.2 22.3 ± 14.8 27.1 ± 27.4 29.3 ± 24.9 < 0.001
Creatinine (mmol/L) 70.7 ± 15.5 75.2 ± 22.9 79.3 ± 32.1 83.3 ± 26.5 < 0.001
Uric acid (μmol/L) 233.4 ± 68.3 253.4 ± 77.1 274.8 ± 79.3 296.1 ± 80.2 < 0.001
Direct bilirubin (μmol/L) 2.40 (1.60–2.90) 2.38 (1.60–2.80) 2.31 (1.50–2.80) 2.31 (1.50–2.80) 0.003
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.31 ± 0.53 4.31 ± 0.54 4.34 ± 0.55 4.40 ± 0.50 < 0.001
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 0.64 (0.55–0.72) 0.85 (0.75–0.93) 1.05 (0.93–1.16) 1.36 (1.22–1.50) < 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.78 ± 0.29 1.57 ± 0.24 1.43 ± 0.22 1.26 ± 0.16 < 0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.96 ± 0.39 2.08 ± 0.40 2.16 ± 0.42 2.27 ± 0.39 < 0.001
TG/HDL-C ratio 0.36 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.05 0.73 ± 0.07 1.08 ± 0.17 < 0.001
  1. Data are described by mean ± standard deviation or median (quartile)
  2. Abbreviation: HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; TG = triglyceride