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Table 1 Maternal and neonatal clinical characteristics and lipid concentrations

From: Estimating fetal cholesterol synthesis rates by cord blood analysis in intrauterine growth restriction and normally grown fetuses

  CTRL (n = 49) IUGR (n = 49) p-value
Mean or % 95% CI Mean or % 95% CI
Maternal age (y) 32.0 (30.4–33.6) 29.6 (27.7–31.6) 0.065
Maternal height (m) 1.66 (1.64–1.68) 1.65 (1.64–1.67) 0.654
Maternal weight b. p. (kg) 63.7 (60.7–66.8) 68.8 (63.8–73.8) 0.085
Maternal BMI b. p. (kg/m2) 23.2 (22.1–24.3) 25.0 (23.4–26.6) 0.063
Maternal smoking status (%) 24.5   36.7   0.192
Maternal primiparity (%) 32.7   67.4   0.000
Maternal systolic BP (mmHg) 117 (114–120) 129 (123–135) 0.000
Maternal diastolic BP (mmHg) 67 (64–69) 76 (72–79) 0.000
Maternal hypertension (%) 0.0   26.6   0.278
Maternal WOG at inclusion (w) 33.4 (32.1–34.7) 32.6 (31.4–33.8) 0.360
Delivery WOG (w) 33.9 (32.7–35.1) 33.6 (32.4–34.7) 0.705
Delivery mode: cesarean (%) 81.6   83.7   0.792
Neonatal gender (% female) 59.2   57.1   0.861
Neonatal birth weight (g) 2246 (2000–2492) 1478 (1295–1661) 0.000
Neonatal birth weight centile   43.3 (37.9–48.7) 4.2 (3.4–5.0) 0.000
Neonatal customized weight centile   41.7 (34.2–49.2) 0.8 (0.2–1.4) 0.000
Neonatal umbilical artery pH   7.33 (7.32–7.35) 7.27 (7.23–7.30) 0.000
Neonatal 5 min APGAR value   9.2 (8.9–9.5) 8.9 (8.5–9.3) 0.186
Storage time at − 80 °C (y) 5.32 (5.08–5.56) 4.98 (4.68–5.27) 0.076
Neonatal LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 30 (25–34) 20 (16–24) 0.002
Neonatal HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 31 (29–33) 16 (14–18) 0.000
Neonatal total cholesterol (mg/dL) 71 (66–77) 52 (47–57) 0.000
Neonatal triglycerides (mg/dL) 21 (18–25) 46 (37–54) 0.000
  1. Significant p-values are in bold