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Table 3 Association between TG/HDL levels and HOMA-IR index

From: Elevated triglyceride-to-HDL cholesterol ratio is an indicator for insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly Taiwanese population: a cross-sectional study

Variables Odds ratio 95% C.I. p-value
Model 1
 Sex (men versus women) 0.67 0.41–1.10 0.11
 TG/HDL 1.59 1.38–1.83 < 0.001
Model 2
 Sex (men versus women) 0.59 0.34–1.00 0.05
 Age (year) 1.01 0.98–1.04 0.52
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.24 1.15–1.34 < 0.001
 TG/HDL 1.48 1.28–1.72 < 0.001
Model 3
 Sex (men versus women) 0.59 0.34–1.04 0.07
 Age (year) 0.99 0.96–1.02 0.58
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.23 1.13–1.33 < 0.001
 HTN (yes versus no) 1.88 1.11–3.18 0.02
 DM (yes versus no) 5.41 2.93–10.01 < 0.001
 Hyperlipidemia (yes versus no) 0.95 0.53–1.70 0.85
 TG/HDL 1.45 1.23–1.72 < 0.001
Model 4
 Sex (men versus women) 0.64 0.36–1.15 0.14
 Age (year) 0.99 0.96–1.02 0.51
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.23 1.13–1.33 < 0.001
 Smoking (yes versus no) 0.68 0.26–1.77 0.42
 HTN (yes versus no) 1.90 1.12–3.21 0.02
 DM (yes versus no) 5.44 2.93–10.08 < 0.001
 Hyperlipidemia (yes versus no) 0.97 0.54–1.74 0.91
 TG/HDL 1.45 1.23–1.72 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index; HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HTN hypertension; DM diabetes mellitus; CI confidence interval