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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Association between height and hypercholesterolemia in adults: a nationwide population-based study in Korea

Hypercholesterolemia
 NoYesP-valuea
N11,3772324 
Age (years)43.7 ± 0.254.8 ± 0.4< 0.001
Sex (male)50.5 (0.5)44.5 (1.1)< 0.001
Current smoker22.9 (0.5)19.8 (1.1)0.009
Alcohol drinker60.9 (0.6)51.4 (1.2)< 0.001
Regular exerciser50.8 (0.6)44.4 (1.3)< 0.001
Income (the lowest quartile)12.6 (0.5)20.3 (1.1)< 0.001
Education (≤middle school graduate)21.2 (0.6)40.8 (1.3)< 0.001
Height (cm)165.0 ± 0.1161.5 ± 0.3< 0.001
Weight (kg)64.4 ± 0.165.5 ± 0.30.001
BMI (kg/m2)23.5 ± 0.025.0 ± 0.1< 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)80.5 ± 0.185.0 ± 0.2< 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)115.2 ± 0.2122.7 ± 0.4< 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)74.8 ± 0.277.4 ± 0.3< 0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)97.1 ± 0.2106.4 ± 0.7< 0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)183.0 ± 0.3219.6 ± 1.4< 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)b104.9 (103.5–106.4)149.1 (144.7–153.6)< 0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL)51.1 ± 0.151.9 ± 0.30.016
LDL-C (mg/dL)106.3 ± 0.3130.5 ± 1.3< 0.001
Hypertension20.3 (0.5)45.3 (1.3)< 0.001
Diabetes mellitus7.0 (0.3)21.3 (1.0)< 0.001
Lipid-lowering medication.45.5 (1.3) 
  1. Data were presented as mean ± standard error or percentage (standard error)
  2. a P-values were obtained using an independent t-test for continuous variables and a chi-square test for categorical variables
  3. b Log transformation was performed for the analysis and presented as geometric mean (95% confidence interval)