Skip to main content

Table 4 Identification of C. difficille by a toxin assay

From: Bee pollen and propolis improve neuroinflammation and dysbiosis induced by propionic acid, a short chain fatty acid in a rodent model of autism

Fecal samples Antigen Toxin A Toxin B C. difficile
PPA + + + +
Bee pollen
Propolis + +
C. difficile +    +
  1. Antigen, glutamate dehydrogenase antigen; PPA, propionic acid; +, positive; −, negative
  2. If Antigen is positive and toxins A and B are negative, non-toxin-producing C. difficile is present
  3. If Antigen, toxin A, and toxin B are positive, toxin-producing C. difficile is present