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Table 2 A comparative study on levels of BMI, blood pressure, serum vitamin D, and lipidemic factors among girls (n = 29), boys (n = 31), and total population (n = 60) before and after the low-sodium seafood-based dietary interventiona

From: The intake assessment of diverse dietary patterns on childhood hypertension: alleviating the blood pressure and lipidemic factors with low-sodium seafood rich in omega-3 fatty acids

Parameterb Boys Girls Total
Before After Before After Before After
BMI (kg/m2) 17.53 ± 0.32a 17.07 ± 0.21b 17.25 ± 0.18a 17.00 ± 0.22b 17.41 ± 0.19a 17.04 ± 0.21b
25OHD (ng/mL) 17.89 ± 3.54b 20.49 ± 5.34a 16.77 ± 3.49b 18.37 ± 3.84a 17.74 ± 3.95b 19.46 ± 4.76a
SBP (mmHg) 106.71 ± 0.26a 102.64 ± 0.68b 105.41 ± 0.22a 102.02 ± 1.03b 106.02 ± 0.31a 102.34 ± 0.91b
DBP (mmHg) 62.37 ± 0.08a 60.92 ± 0.52 b 62.97 ± 0.34a 60.93 ± 0.57b 62.54 ± 0.27a 60.92 ± 0.54b
LDL (mg/dL) 109.54 ± 0.85a 99.92 ± 4.71b 107.42 ± 0.61a 98.70 ± 5.72b 108.05 ± 0.74a 99.33 ± 5.21b
HDL (mg/dL) 32.26 ± 1.75b 39.83 ± 5.26 a 31.75 ± 1.57b 40.20 ± 6.11a 32.09 ± 1.28b 40.01 ± 5.64a
TG (mg/dL) 88.25 ± 4.04a 76.09 ± 7.43b 83.32 ± 3.77a 75.80 ± 9.30b 84.65 ± 2.98 a 75.95 ± 8.31b
TC (mg/dL) 182.32 ± 2.65a 169.83 ± 7.73b 184.23 ± 2.24a 169.17 ± 9.76b 181.29 ± 1.89a 169.51 ± 8.70b
  1. a The mean age of boys, girls, and total population was 9.02 ± 1.60, 9.31 ± 1.47, and 9.16 ± 1.53 years, respectively
  2. b The means (in each row) for each children’s group with dissimilar letters (a,b) are significantly different (p < 0.05)