Skip to main content

Table 4 Effect of magnitude of TyG index on diabetes risk stratified by subgroups

From: Association between triglyceride-glucose index and risk of incident diabetes: a secondary analysis based on a Chinese cohort study

Characteristics No. of participants HR (95%CI) P-value P for interaction
Age (year)     < 0.0001
  < 40 106,447 4.53 (3.76–5.45) < 0.0001  
  > =40, < 60 71,176 3.54 (3.19–3.93) < 0.0001  
  > =60 23,675 2.67 (2.37–3.00) < 0.0001  
Sex     0.0150
 Male 109,236 3.16 (2.90–3.45) < 0.0001  
 Female 92,062 3.84 (3.37–4.37) < 0.0001  
BMI (kg/m2)     0.0075
  < 18.5 11,593 3.64 (1.53–8.64) 0.0034  
  > =18.5, < 24 112,241 4.13 (3.62–4.71) < 0.0001  
  > =24, < 28 60,886 3.22 (2.90–3.58) < 0.0001  
  > =28, < 32 14,388 3.11 (2.64, 3.68) < 0.0001  
  > =32 2190 3.36 (2.33, 4.85) < 0.0001  
SBP (mmHg)     < 0.0001
  < 140 181,383 3.48 (3.19–3.79) < 0.0001  
  > =140 19,915 2.89 (2.53–3.29) < 0.0001  
DBP (mmHg)     0.9984
  < 90 185,636 3.29 (3.04–3.56) < 0.0001  
  > =90 15,661 3.43 (2.90–4.05) < 0.0001  
Smoker     0.6979
 Now 11,071 3.03 (2.36–3.90) < 0.0001  
 Once 2419 4.27 (2.30–7.91) < 0.0001  
 Never 43,497 3.40 (2.84–4.08) < 0.0001  
 Not recorded 144,311 3.39 (3.13–3.69) < 0.0001  
Drinker     0.2174
 Now 1243 5.31 (2.34–12.05) < 0.0001  
 Once 8496 3.65 (2.52–5.28) < 0.0001  
 Never 47,248 3.33 (2.84–3.90) < 0.0001  
 Not recorded 144,311 3.39 (3.13–3.69) < 0.0001  
Family history of diabetes     0.1175
 No 197,196 3.39 (3.15–3.65) < 0.0001  
 Yes 4102 3.07 (2.10–4.50) < 0.0001  
  1. Note 1: the model was adjusted for sex, age, BMI, LDL-C, TC, Scr, ALT, AST, SBP, DBP, drinking, smoking and family history of diabetes
  2. Note 2: the model was adjusted for all above variables except the corresponding stratification variable