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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Association of Lipoprotein (a) variants with risk of cardiovascular disease: a Mendelian randomization study

Characteristics Male Female All
N (%) 228 (18.15) 1028 (81.85) 1256 (100)
Lp(a), mg/dL 24.77 (7.95–47.03) 28.81 (9.91–47.17) 28.04 (9.45–47.17)
Age, years 67.00 (62.00–71.00) 62.00 (54.00–67.00) 63.00 (56.00–68.00)
BMI, kg/m2 25.38 (24.81–27.61) 25.37 (23.27–27.64) 25.37 (23.67–27.63)
Education, n (%)
 Primary 47 (20.61) 268 (26.07) 315 (25.08)
 Secondary 117 (51.32) 431 (41.93) 548 (43.63)
 Senior 37 (16.23) 207 (20.14) 244 (19.43)
 Undergraduate 27 (11.84) 122 (11.87) 149 (11.86)
Physical activity, n (%)
 5–7 d/w 173 (75.88) 718 (69.84) 891 (70.94)
 1–4 d/w 31 (13.60) 163 (15.86) 194 (15.45)
  < 1 d/w 24 (10.53) 147 (14.30) 171 (13.61)
Current smoking, n (%) 86 (37.72) 49 (4.77) 135 (10.75)
Alcohol, n (%) 131 (57.46) 133 (12.94) 264 (21.02)
Glucose, mmol/L 5.80 (5.30–6.50) 5.60 (5.10–6.40) 5.60 (5.20–6.40)
TG, mmol/L 1.30 (1.00–1.85) 1.40 (1.00–1.90) 1.40 (1.00–1.90)
TC, mmol/L 4.89 (4.13–5.58) 5.29 (4.61–6.04) 5.22 (4.52–5.98)
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.26 (1.06–1.47) 1.46 (1.24–1.74) 1.41 (1.20–1.71)
LDL-C, mmol/L 2.76 (2.19–3.32) 3.06 (2.48–3.69) 3.02 (2.44–3.63)
Diabetes, n (%) 51 (22.37) 235 (22.86) 286 (22.77)
Hypertension, n (%) 157 (68.86) 551 (53.60) 708 (56.37)
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 122 (53.51) 549 (53.40) 671 (53.42)
  1. Values are n (%) for categorical variables or median (interquartile range) for continuous variables. TG Triglycerides, TC Total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol