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Table 3 Maximum value of plasma lipid and glycemic markers after the consumption of control, lettuce or watercress meals in healthy subjects

From: The acute effect of incorporating lettuce or watercress into a moderately high-fat meal on postprandial lipid, glycemic response, and plasma inflammatory cytokines in healthy young men: a randomized crossover trial

  Control Lettuce Watercress P value1
TG (mg/dL)
 Max 121.8 ± 15.4 111.3 ± 13.2 108.2 ± 12.1 0.320
 Max-baseline difference 44.5 ± 8.1 38.8 ± 5.2 29.6 ± 5.3 0.196
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)
 Max 155.8 ± 6.9 160.9 ± 6.8 161.3 ± 7.1 0.146
 Max-baseline difference 17.2 ± 2.0 19.7 ± 2.1 19.7 ± 3.2 0.619
HDL-C (mg/dL)
 Max 43.7 ± 2.2 44.2 ± 3.2 46.4 ± 2.0 0.380
 Max-baseline difference 2.8 ± 0.5 1.9 ± 2.6 4.5 ± 0.7 0.436
LDL-C (mg/dL)
 Max 85.1 ± 5.4 87.8 ± 5.6 88.7 ± 5.5 0.309
 Max-baseline difference 7.7 ± 1.2 8.7 ± 1.5 8.8 ± 1.5 0.773
Glucose (mg/dL)
 Max 105.1 ± 2.9 100.2 ± 2.1 101.7 ± 6.9 0.559
 Max-baseline difference 9.5 ± 1.9 7.4 ± 2.0 8.5 ± 6.7 0.802
Insulin (μIU/mL)
 Max 43.8 ± 4.7 a 33.5 ± 4.9 b 42.8 ± .4 ab 0.038
 Max-baseline difference 41.9 ± 4.4 a 29.5 ± 4.3 b 39.3 ± 3.9 ab 0.019
  1. Values are means ± standard errors
  2. 1 Data were analyzed by repeated-measure ANOVA. Labeled values without a common letter differ, P < 0.05. HDL-C High-density-lipoproteins cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density-lipoproteins cholesterol, TG Triglycerides