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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Low density lipoprotein cholesterol and all-cause mortality rate: findings from a study on Japanese community-dwelling persons

Characteristics N = 3684 Value
Gender (male), % 43.7
Age (years) 64 ± 13
Body mass index categoriesa, % 5.0/67.8/27.2
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.3 ± 3.2
Smoking habits (non/ex/light/heavy), % 66.4/25.6/2.7/5.2
Drinking habits (non/occasional/light/heavy), % 51.7/25.8/13.6/9.0
History of cardiovascular disease, % 8.0
Hypertension, % 57.0
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 138 ± 21
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80 ± 11
Hypertriglyceridemia, % 18.0
 Triglyceridemia (mg/dL) 93 (70–131)
Low HDL-cholesterolemia, % 4.4
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 63 ± 16
Lipid-lowering medication, % 9.7
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 118 ± 31
LDL cholesterol categoriesb, % 4.9/15.1/60.0/20.0
Diabetes, % 9.5
 Blood glucose (mg/dL) 100 (91–114)
Chronic kidney disease, % 10.2
 eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 78.0 ± 16.4
Hyperuricemia, % 13.5
 Serum uric acid (mg/dL) 5.1 ± 1.4
  1. HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration ratio
  2. a Body mass index categories: < 18.5 kg/m2, 18.5–25.0 kg/m2, ≥ 25 kg/m2
  3. b LDL cholesterol categories: very low, < 70 mg/dL; low, 70–92 mg/dL; medium, 93–143 mg/dL; high, ≥ 144 mg/dL
  4. Data are presented as means ± standard deviation except for the data for triglycerides and hemoglobin A1c, which were skewed and are thus presented as median (interquartile range) values