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Table 3 Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of baseline characteristics for all-cause mortality

From: Low density lipoprotein cholesterol and all-cause mortality rate: findings from a study on Japanese community-dwelling persons

Characteristics N = 3684   HR (95% CI) P-value
Gender (female = 1, male = 2) 2 vs 1 1.43 (1.04–1.98) 0.027
Age (per 1 year) 1.09 (1.08–1.11) <  0.001
Body mass index categories (<  18.5 kg/m2 = 1, 18.5–24.9 kg/m2 = 2, ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 = 3) 2 vs 1
3 vs 1
0.51 (0.35–0.75)
0.40 (0.26–0.63)
0.001
<  0.001
Smoking habits (non = 1, ex = 2, light = 3, heavy = 4) 2 vs 1
3 vs 1
4 vs 1
1.29 (0.97–1.72)
0.34 (0.11–1.07)
0.97 (0.50–1.90)
0.085
0.064
0.934
Drinking habits (non = 1, occasional = 2, light = 3, heavy = 4) 2 vs 1
3 vs 1
4 vs 1
1.02 (0.76–1.38)
0.85 (0.59–1.23)
0.95 (0.61–1.49)
0.880
0.394
0.834
History of cardiovascular disease (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 1.33 (0.99–1.80) 0.061
Hypertension (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 1.09 (0.84–1.40) 0.528
Hypertriglyceridemia (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 0.92 (0.67–1.26) 0.604
Low HDL-cholesterolemia (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 0.54 (0.29–1.00) 0.052
LDL cholesterol categories (<  70 mg/dL = 1, 70–92 mg/dL = 2, 93–143 mg/dL = 3, ≥ 144 mg/dL = 4) 1 vs 4
2 vs 4
3 vs 4
2.54 (1.58–4.07)
1.71 (1.15–2.54)
1.21 (0.87–1.68)
<  0.001
0.008
0.250
Lipid-lowering medication (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 0.89 (0.60–1.31) 0.551
Diabetes (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 1.66 (1.23–2.23) 0.001
Chronic kidney disease (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 0.93 (0.69–1.27) 0.659
Hyperuricemia (no = 1, yes = 2) 2 vs 1 1.17 (0.85–1.60) 0.337
  1. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, vs versus. Significant values (P <  0.05) are presented in bold