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Table 2 Association between low total cholesterol and depression before and after adjustment in Sample 1

From: Low cholesterol is not associated with depression: data from the 2005-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
All sample 1.1 (1.0-1.2) 1.2 (1.0-1.3)* 1.0 (0.9-1.2)
Stratified by sex
 Male 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
 Female 1.2 (1.0-1.4)* 1.1 (1.0-1.5)* 1.1 (0.9-1.3)
  1. Model 1 only included total cholesterol, and no covariate was adjusted; Model 2 adjusted for age and sex; Model 3 adjusted for sex, age, race, educational level, marital status, smoking status, alcohol status, body mass index, self-rated health, poverty income ratio, physical function; high blood pressure; stroke; coronary heart disease; cancer, and diabetes. *P<0.05