Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics of participants according to sex

From: Association between four nontraditional lipids and ischemic stroke: a cohort study in Shanghai, China

Characteristicsa Male (N = 13,844) Female (N = 20,450) Total (N = 34,294) P value
Age (years) 59 (51–66) 57 (50–64) 58 (50–65) <  0.001
Education level (%)
  ≤ 6 education years 891 (6.22) 4010 (19.61) 4871 (14.20) <  0.001
 7 ~ 12 education years 11,658 (84.21) 14,656 (71.67) 26,314 (76.73)  
  ≥ 13 education years 1325 (9.57) 1784 (8.72) 3109 (9.07)  
Retired (%)
 No 6897 (49.82) 7614 (37.23) 14,511 (42.31) <  0.001
 Yes 6947 (50.18) 12,836 (62.77) 19,783 (57.69)  
Smoking index, packet-year (%)
 None-smoker 5852 (42.27) 20,390 (99.71) 26,242 (76.52) <  0.001
  <  20 2203 (15.91) 38 (0.19) 2241 (6.53)  
 20~ 3143 (22.70) 17 (0.08) 3160 (9.21)  
 40~ 2646 (19.11) 5 (0.02) 2651 (7.73)  
Alcohol consumption (%)
 Never 9373 (67.70) 20,299 (99.26) 29,672 (86.52) <  0.001
 Former 346 (2.50) 13 (0.06) 359 (1.05)  
 Current 4125 (29.80) 138 (0.67) 4263 (12.43)  
Physical activities (%)
 Low 6554 (47.34) 4039 (19.75) 10,593 (30.89) <  0.001
 Moderate 6599 (47.67) 14,485 (70.83) 21,084 (61.48)  
 High 691 (4.99) 1926 (9.42) 2617 (7.63)  
Chronic disease (%)
 Diabetes 2027 (14.64) 2723 (13.32) 4750 (13.85) <  0.001
 Hypertension 7596 (54.87) 10,015 (48.97) 17,611 (51.35) <  0.001
 CKD 929 (6.71) 2660 (13.01) 3589 (10.47) <  0.001
 HUA 2300 (16.61) 1794 (8.77) 4094 (11.94) <  0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.71 ± 3.20 24.16 ± 3.42 24.38 ± 3.35 <  0.001
TC (mmol/L) 4.79 ± 0.91 5.04 ± 0.94 4.94 ± 0.94 <  0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.38 (0.99–2.03) 1.32 (0.97–1.85) 1.34 (0.98–1.92) <  0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.30 ± 0.34 1.48 ± 0.35 1.41 ± 0.36 <  0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.70 ± 0.81 2.83 ± 0.84 2.78 ± 0.83 <  0.001
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L) 3.49 ± 0.93 3.55 ± 0.95 3.53 ± 0.95 <  0.001
TC/HDL-C ratio 3.92 ± 1.29 3.56 ± 1.08 3.71 ± 1.18 <  0.001
TG/HDL-C ratio 1.08 (0.70–1.82) 0.89 (0.60–1.40) 0.96 (0.63–1.55) <  0.001
LDL-C/HDL-C ratio 2.20 ± 0.84 2.00 ± 0.74 2.08 ± 0.79 <  0.001
  1. aCategorical data are expressed as the frequency (%). Continuous data are presented as the median and interquartile range (nonnormally distributed data) or mean and standard deviation (normally distributed data)