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Table 3 Amount of residual cholesterol after in vitro incubation of selected lactic acid bacteria

From: Lactic acid bacteria affect serum cholesterol levels, harmful fecal enzyme activity, and fecal water content

Species Residual cholesterol (mg/dl) Cholesterol lowering ratio (%) p value
Controla 345.0 ± 5.7b - -
Bifidobacterium adolescentis SPM1005 318.7 ± 3.0 7.6 p < 0.05c
Bifidobacterium longum SPM1207 262.8 ± 1.3 23.8 p < 0.05
Bifidobacterium adolescentis SPM1601 283.3 ± 2.6 17.9 p < 0.05
Bifidobacterium adolescentis KCTC3352 329.0 ± 5.6 4.6 p < 0.05
Bifidobacterium longum KCTC3128 303.8 ± 6.0 11.9 p < 0.05
Lactobacillus acidophilus (LH) CBT 321.7 ± 1.9 6.7 p < 0.05
Lactobacillus plantarum KCTC1048 314.0 ± 4.4 9.0 p < 0.05
Lactobacillus plantarum (LP) CBT 296.3 ± 5.0 14.1 p < 0.05
Enterococcus faecium SPM1206 300.9 ± 1.7 12.8 p < 0.05
  1. aMRS broth containing cholesterol without lactic acid bacteria
  2. bEach value provided is the mean ± SD
  3. cp < 0.05 significantly different compared with control