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Table 3 Multivariate adjusted mean and SE of HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol, and triglycerides across increasing sedentary and physical activity time categories in ORISCAV-LUX (N = 1331)

From: Physical activity, sedentary behavior time and lipid levels in the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg study

Lipid outcomea Model Screen time (day off) R 2 p linear
   ≤1 hour/day 13.9 % >1-4 hours/day 48.7 % ≥4 hours/day 37.3 %   
   M SE M SE M SE   
HDL-cholesterol Basic 63.8 1.1 61.7 0.59 60.4* 0.69 0.22 0.011
  Extendedb 63.6 1.2 61.6 0.62 60.4* 0.75 0.24 0.030
LDL-cholesterol Basic 121.3 2.5 123.6 1.31 126.2 1.5 0.12 0.09
  Extendedb 122.3 2.8 124.3 1.4 127.3 1.7 0.14 0.13
Total cholesterol Basic 199.5 2.9 200.6 1.5 203.8 1.8 0.10 0.21
  Extendedb 201.0 3.3 201.7 1.7 204.7 2.0 0.11 0.34
Triglycerides Basic 102.8 6.5 112.9 3.4 121.4* 3.9 0.06 0.016
  Extendedb 104.8 7.3 114.5 3.7 120.6 4.5 0.09 0.07
   PA time (intense)   
   <0.5 hours/day 73.5 % 0.5-1 hours/day 13.7 % >1 hour/day 12.5 %   
  M SE M SE M SE   
HDL-cholesterol Basic 60.9 0.48 64.0* 1.1 62.5 1.2 0.21 0.031a
  Extendedc 60.8 0.52 64.5* 1.2 61.8 1.2 0.24 0.016a
LDL-cholesterol Basic 124.5 1.1 124.6 2.4 122.0 2.6 0.11 0.37
  Extendedc 125.4 1.2 125.7 2.7 122.4 2.8 0.12 0.32
Total cholesterol Basic 202.4 1.2 202.5 2.9 197.3 3.0 0.09 0.12
  Extendedc 203.4 1.4 204.1 3.2 197.6 3.3 0.10 0.10
Triglycerides Basic 120.4 2.9 105.7* 6.8 97.6* 7.2 0.06 0.003
  Extendedc 121.3 3.3 108.4 7.6 97.8* 7.9 0.08 0.006
  1. *significantly different from ≤ 1 hour/day group (for screen time) or <0.5 hours/day group (for PA), p < 0.05
  2. aoverall p value
  3. Basic: age, education, gender
  4. bExtended: Basic + income, profession, total PA (hours/day), carbohydrate as % of total enery intake, protein as % of total energy intake, saturated fat as % of total energy intake, alcohol, smoking
  5. cExtended: Basic + income, profession, carbohydrate as % of total enery intake, protein as % of total energy intake, saturated fat as % of total energy intake, alcohol, smoking