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Table 6 Analysis of fatty acid composition in abdominal fat of Wistar rats on high fat diets treated with G. bimaculatus extract for 1 month

From: Gene expression profiling and inhibition of adipose tissue accumulation of G. bimaculatus extract in rats on high fat diet

Comp. of abdominal fat tissue (%) PBS GB100 GB200 STA IS100
Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.04 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00* 0.05 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00* 0.04 ± 0.00
Myristoleic acid (C14:1) 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00* 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00
Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.72 ± 0.03 0.74 ± 0.04 0.64 ± 0.13 0.66 ± 0.02 0.69 ± 0.01
Pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) 0.12 ± 0.00 0.12 ± 0.00 0.24 ± 0.12 0.12 ± 0.00 0.12 ± 0.01
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 1.37 ± 0.14 1.52 ± 0.22 1.76 ± 0.07* 1.18 ± 0.17 1.31 ± 0.04
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 21.49 ± 0.49 21.42 ± 0.59 21.46 ± 0.39 21.20 ± 0.14 20.85 ± 0.17
Heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) 0.29 ± 0.01 0.28 ± 0.01 0.29 ± 0.01 0.33 ± 0.01* 0.30 ± 0.01
Linoleic acid (C18:2) 34.37 ± 2.80 35.24 ± 0.91 35.50 ± 0.27 31.56 ± 0.92 34.70 ± 0.90
Oleic acid (C18:1) 33.56 ± 2.35 32.94 ± 0.89 32.33 ± 0.57 35.84 ± 0.88 33.79 ± 0.89
Stearic acid (C18:0) 6.92 ± 0.13 6.72 ± 0.37 6.75 ± 0.17 7.90 ± 0.21* 7.09 ± 0.20
Arachidonic acid (C20:4) 0.20 ± 0.06 0.14 ± 0.02 0.13 ± 0.01 0.19 ± 0.00 0.19 ± 0.04
Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.02 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00 0.01 ± 0.00
Eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3) 0.06 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.01
Eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) 0.25 ± 0.00 0.25 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.01 0.29 ± 0.00* 0.24 ± 0.01
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1) 0.37 ± 0.01 0.38 ± 0.04 0.39 ± 0.01 0.43 ± 0.01* 0.41 ± 0.01
Eicosanoic acid (C20:0) 0.09 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.00 0.10 ± 0.01
Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6) 0.11 ± 0.08 0.04 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.04
Saturated fatty acid 29.66 ± 0.59 29.41 ± 0.39 29.52 ± 0.40 30.36 ± 0.18 29.19 ± 0.28
Unsaturated fatty acid 70.34 ± 0.59 70.59 ± 0.39 70.48 ± 0.40 69.64 ± 0.18 70.81 ± 0.28
Single unsaturated fatty acid 35.33 ± 1.06 34.86 ± 1.22 34.50 ± 2.53 37.47 ± 2.23 35.52 ± 0.42
Poly unsaturated fatty acid 35.02 ± 2.73 35.73 ± 0.88 35.98 ± 0.29 32.16 ± 0.93 35.29 ± 0.93
Comp. of epididymidal fat tissue (%) PBS GB100 GB200 STA IS100
Lauric acid (C12:0) 0.04 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00
Myristoleic acid (C14:1) 0.02 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00 0.03 ± 0.00
Myristic acid (C14:0) 0.70 ± 0.04 0.78 ± 0.02 0.74 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.03
Pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) 0.12 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.01 0.14 ± 0.00* 0.13 ± 0.00 0.14 ± 0.01
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 1.66 ± 0.15 1.77 ± 0.07 1.83 ± 0.05 1.76 ± 0.06 1.73 ± 0.11
Palmitic acid (C16:0) 21.89 ± 0.40 21.82 ± 0.17 21.95 ± 0.21 20.66 ± 0.20* 20.73 ± 0.12
Heptadecanoic acid (C17:0) 0.26 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.00 0.28 ± 0.01 0.28 ± 0.01
Linoleic acid (C18:2) 36.05 ± 0.96 38.21 ± 1.19 37.86 ± 0.60 39.68 ± 1.24* 38.29 ± 0.08
Oleic acid (C18:1) 32.41 ± 0.65 30.19 ± 1.23 30.69 ± 0.52 29.48 ± 1.00* 31.27 ± 0.27
Stearic acid (C18:0) 5.94 ± 0.07 5.87 ± 0.09 5.57 ± 0.07* 6.14 ± 0.13 5.75 ± 0.03
Arachidonic acid (C20:4) 0.16 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.03 0.15 ± 0.00 0.21 ± 0.03 0.19 ± 0.01
Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5) 0.01 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.00* 0.03 ± 0.00* 0.03 ± 0.00
Eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3) 0.06 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.01
Eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) 0.25 ± 0.01 0.25 ± 0.01 0.23 ± 0.01 0.28 ± 0.01 0.27 ± 0.02
Eicosenoic acid (C20:1) 0.33 ± 0.01 0.32 ± 0.01 0.30 ± 0.00* 0.34 ± 0.01 0.33 ± 0.01
Eicosanoic acid (C20:0) 0.06 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00 0.05 ± 0.00
Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6) 0.03 ± 0.00 0.04 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.00* 0.06 ± 0.02 0.07 ± 0.00*
Saturated fatty acid 29.01 ± 0.38 28.98 ± 0.18 28.76 ± 0.16 28.06 ± 0.32 27.71 ± 0.16
Unsaturated fatty acid 70.99 ± 0.38 71.02 ± 0.18 71.24 ± 0.16 71.94 ± 0.32 72.29 ± 0.16
Single unsaturated fatty acid 34.42 ± 0.71 32.32 ± 1.26 32.86 ± 0.54 31.61 ± 0.97 33.36 ± 0.15
Poly unsaturated fatty acid 36.57 ± 0.97 38.71 ± 1.15 38.38 ± 0.59 40.33 ± 1.29 38.93 ± 0.05
  1. Each value represents mean ± SE
  2. Asterisk marks (*) mean significant differences compared with control (PBS) group (p < 0.05)