Wood SC, Seeley RJ, Porte JD, Schwarts MW: Signal that regulate food intake and energy homeostasis. Sci. 1998, 280: 1378-1383. 10.1126/science.280.5368.1378.
Wickelgren I: Obesity; how big a problem?. Sci. 1998, 280: 1364-1367. 10.1126/science.280.5368.1364.
Glenny AM, OĭMeara S, Melville A, Sheldon TA, Wilson C: The treatment and prevention of obesity; a systematic review of the literature. Int J Obes. 1997, 21: 715-737. 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800495.
Fuller R: Probiotics in man and animals. J Appl Bacteriol. 1989, 66: 365-378.
Borchers AT, Selmi C, Meyers FJ, Keen CL, Gershwin ME: Probiotics and immunity. J Gastroenterol. 2009, 44: 26-46. 10.1007/s00535-008-2296-0
Xiao JZ, Kondo S, Takahashi N, Miyaji K, Oshida K, Hiramatsu A, Iwatsuki K, Kokubo S, Hosono A: Effects of milk products fermented by Bifidobacterium longum on blood lipids in rats and healthy adult male volunteers. J Dairy Sci. 2003, 86: 2452-2461. 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73839-9
Cani PD, Neyrinck AM, Fava F, Knauf K, Burcelin RG, Tuohy KM: Selective increases of bifidobacteria in gut microflora improves high-fat diet induced diabetes in mice through a mechanism associated with endotoxemia. Diabetologia. 2007, 50: 2374-2383. 10.1007/s00125-007-0791-0
Ma X, Hua J, Li Z: Probiotics improve high fat diet induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance by increasing hepatic NKT cells. J Hepatol. 2008, 49: 821-830. 10.1016/j.jhep.2008.05.025
Han SH, Cho KH, Lee CK, Song YC, Park SH, Ha NJ, Kim KJ: Enhancement of antigen presentation capability of dendritic cells and activation of macrophages by the components of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum SPM 1204. J Appl Pharm. 2005, 13: 174-180.
Choi SS, Kang BY, Chung MJ, Kim SD, Park SH, Kim JS, Kang CY, Ha NJ: Safety assessment of potential lactic acid bacteria Bifidobacterium longum SPM 1205 isolated from healthy Koreans. J Microbiol. 2005, 43: 493-498.
Lee DK, Jang S, Baek EH, Kim MJ, Lee KS, Shin HS, Chung MJ, Kim JE, Lee KO, Ha NJ: Lactic acid bacteria affect serum cholesterol levels, harmful fecal enzyme activity, and fecal water content. Lipids Health Dis. 2009, 8: 21-28. 10.1186/1476-511X-8-21
Scardovi V: Genus Bifidobacterium. Bergey's Manual of Systemic Bacteriology. Edited by: Krieg NR, Holt JG. 1986, 2: 1418-1434. Williams & Willikins, MD,
Ahn JB: Isolation and characterization of Bifidobacterium producing exopolysaccharide. Food Eng Prog. 2005, 9: 291-296.
Gutmann I, Bergmeyer HU: Urea. In methods of enzymatic analysis. Edited by: Bergmeyer HU. 1974, 1791-1794. New York: Academic Press,
Kim DH, Kang HJ, Kim SW, Kobayashi K: pH-inducible β-glucuronidase and β-glucosidase of intestinal bacteria. Chem Pharm Bull. 1992, 40: 1967-1969.
Kim DH, Lee JH, Bae EA, Han MJ: Induction and inhibition of indole of intestinal bacteria. Arch Pharm Res. 1995, 18: 351-533. 10.1007/BF02976331.
Lee HY, Park JH, Seok SH, Baek MW, Kim DJ, Lee KE, Paek KS, Lee YH, Park JH: Human originated bacteria, Lactobacillus rhamnosus PL60, produce conjugated linoleic acid and show anti-obesity effects in diet-induced obese mice. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006, 1761: 736-744.
Takemura N, Okubo T, Sonoyama K: Lactobacillus plantarum strain No. 14 reduces adipocyte size in mice fed high fat diet. Exp Biol Med. 2010, 235: 849-856. 10.1258/ebm.2010.009377.
Yin YN, Yu QF, Fu N, Liu XW, Lu FG: Effects of four Bifidobacteria on obesity in high fat diet induced rats. World J Gastroenterol. 2010, 16: 3394-3401. 10.3748/wjg.v16.i27.3394
Taylor GRJ, Williams CM: Effects of probiotics and prebiotics on blood lipids. Br J Nutr. 1998, 80: S225-230.
Park YH, Kim JG, Shin YW, Kim SH, Whang KY: Effect of dietary inclusion of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 43121 on cholesterol metabolism in rats. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007, 17: 655-662.
Beena A, Prasad V: Effect of yogurt and bifidus yogurt fortified with skim milk powder, condensed whey and lactosehydrolysed condensed whey on serum cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels in rats. J Dairy Res. 1997, 64: 453-457. 10.1017/S0022029997002252
Fukushima M, Nakao M: The effect of a probiotic on faecal and liver lipid classes in rats. Br J Nutr. 1995, 73: 701-710. 10.1079/BJN19950074
Grunewald KK: Serum cholesterol levels in rats fed skim milk fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Food Sci. 1982, 47: 2078-2079. 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1982.tb12955.x.
Hashimoto H, Yamazaki K, Arai Y, Kawase M, He F, Hosoda M, Hosono A: Effect of lactic acid bacteria on serum cholesterol level in rats fed cholesterol diet. Anim Sci Technol. 1998, 69: 702-707.
Rao DR, Chawan CB, Pulusani SR: Influence of milk and Thermophilus milk on plasma cholesterol levels and hepatic cholesterogenesis in rats. J Food Sci. 1981, 46: 1339-1341. 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1981.tb04168.x.
Suzuki Y, Kaizu H, Yamauchi Y: Effect of cultured milk on serum cholesterol concentrations in rats which fed high cholesterol diets. Anim Sci Technol. 1991, 62: 565-571.
Jéquier E: Leptin signaling, adiposity, and energy balance. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002, 967: 379-388.
Frederich RC, Hamann A, Anderson S: Leptin levels reflect body lipid content in mice; Evidence for diet-induced resistance to leptin action. Nat Med. 1995, 1: 1311-1314. 10.1038/nm1295-1311
Friedman JM: The function of leptin in nutrition, weight, and physiology. Nutr Rev. 2002, 60: S1-S14.
Hamilton BS, Paglia D, Kwan AY, Deitel M: Increased obese mRNA expression in omental fat cells from massively obese humans. Nat Med. 1995, 1: 953-956. 10.1038/nm0995-953
Considine RV, Shinha MK, Heiman ML: Serum immunoreactive leptin concentrations in normal weight and obese humans. N Engl J Med. 1996, 334: 292-295. 10.1056/NEJM199602013340503
Grinspoon S, Gulick T, Askari H: Serum leptin levels in women with anorexia nervosa. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996, 81: 3861-3863. 10.1210/jc.81.11.3861
Ferron F, Considine RV, Peino R: Serum leptin concentrations in patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and non-specific eating disorders correlate with the body mass index but are independent of the respective disease. Clin Endocrinol. 1997, 46: 289-293. 10.1046/j.1365-2265.1997.1260938.x.
Kobayashi K, Saito Y, Nakazawa I, Yoshizaki F: Screening of crude drugs for influence on amylase activity and postprandial blood glucose in mouse plasma. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000, 23: 1250-1253.
Maury J, Issad T, Perdereau D, Gouhot B, Ferre P, Girard J: Effect of acarbose on glucose homeostasis, lipogenesis and lipogenic enzyme gene expression in adipose tissue of weaned rats. Diabetologia. 1993, 36: 503-509. 10.1007/BF02743265
Ono Y, Hattori E, Fukaya Y, Imai S, Ohizumi Y: Anti-obesity effect of Nelumbo nucifera leaves extract in mice and rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006, 106: 238-244. 10.1016/j.jep.2005.12.036
Cani PD, Delzenne NM, Amar J, Burcelin R: Role of gut microflora in the development of obesity and insulin resistance following high-fat diet feeding. Pathol Biol. 2008, 56: 305-309. 10.1016/j.patbio.2007.09.008
Kalliomaki M, Collado MC, Salminen S, Isolauri E: Early differences in fecal microbiota composition in children may predict overweight. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008, 87: 534-538.
Pochart P, Marteau P, Bouhnik Y, Goderel I, Bourlioux P, Rambaud JC: Survival of bifidobacteria ingested via fermented milk during their passage through the human small intestine: and in vivo study using intestinal perfusion. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992, 55: 78-80.
Griffiths EA, Duffy LC, Schanbacher FL, Qiao H, Dryja D, Leavens A: In vivo effects of bifidobacteria and lactoferrin on gut endotoxin concentration and mucosal immunity in Balb/c mice. Dig Dis Sci Apr. 2004, 49: 579-589.
Wang Z, Xiao G, Yao Y, Guo S, Lu K, Sheng Z: The role of bifidobacteria in gut barrier function after thermal injury in rats. J Trauma Sep. 2006, 61: 650-657.
Wang ZT, Yao YM, Xiao GX, Sheng ZY: Risk factors of development of gut-derived bacterial translocation in thermally injured rats. World J Gastroenterol Jun. 2004, 10: 1619-1624.
Lee DK, Jang S, Kim MJ, Kim JH, Chung MJ, Kim KJ, Ha NJ: Anti-proliferative effects of Bifidobacterium adolescentis SPM 0212 extract on human colon cancer cell lines. BMC Cancer. 2008, 8: 310- 10.1186/1471-2407-8-310
Goldin BR, Gualtieri LJ, Moore RP: The effect of Lactobacillus GG on the initiation and promotion of DMH-induced intestinal tumors in the rat. Nutr Cancer. 1996, 25: 197-204. 10.1080/01635589609514442